|A few spring beauties surrounded by the invasive lesser celandine|
|Lesser celandine along the trail where native flowers used to be|
|Pachysandra, upper right corner; snow drops, bottom; spring beauties, center; lesser celandine. There are also stems of another alien, multiflora rose|
Lesser celandines, with the help of snow drops and pachysandra, all of them garden escapees, have taken over the forest floor along my favorite nature trail. Later on, garlic mustard will show up in all the same places, but now it is not in sight. Snow drops were in bloom the last couple of weeks and now they are past their prime. This is another delightful but aggressive invader which brings joy to the hearts of many with its early blooms. Spring beauties struggle to survive hemmed in by all these newcomers to the land. Trout lilies face the same predicament in these areas.
|A patch of lesser celandine|
|Another patch of lesser celandine, near a stream|
Finally, I sat for half an hour on front of another patch of lesser celandine, as on the previous time and intently looked for flower visitors. Finally a honey bee showed up and methodically worked the flowers. Let us remember that both honey bees and lesser celandines are European imports. There were no native pollinators in sight.
|A spring beauty and its pollinator, a rarer sight each year|
Beginners Guide to Pollinators and Other Flower Visitors
© Beatriz Moisset. 2012